Stone masonry in Calgary is the creation of sculptures, structures, and buildings using stones of irregular shapes and sizes. Stone is known for its timeless appeal, ease of maintenance and durability. Some of the oldest monuments such as the Taj Mahal, the Egyptian Pyramids, Angkor Wat and the Parthenoen are built of stone.
Types of Stone Masonry
There are two broad categories of stone masonry:
Rubble masonry or rubblework utilizes undressed or crudely dressed rough stones. Because stones of irregular sizes are used in rubble masonry, it has wider joints than ashlar masonry.
Here are some popular types of rubble masonry:
Dry Rubble Masonry
Dry rubble masonry is the most basic type of rubble masonry. In this type of masonry, no mortar is used. Stones are laid in a specific pattern to avoid large joints, especially large vertical joints.
Random Rubble Masonry
Random rubble masonry utilizes undressed stones or hammer-dressed stones. Stones are carefully selected and placed in a specific pattern to distribute the pressure evenly over a wide area and avoid long vertical joints. The end result is an organized, yet rustic look.
Square Rubble Masonry
This type of masonry uses hammer or chisel dressed stones. Square rubble masonry can either be coursed or uncoursed. In uncoursed square rubble masonry, stones are laid in rows with defined horizontal joints, whereas, in uncoursed square rubble masonry, stones are laid in a random pattern with no defined vertical or horizontal joints.
Ashlar masonry utilizes finely dressed stones of the same size, shape and texture laid in place with cement or lime mortar. Pre-Cut and dressed stones have specific dimensions and height, which means stone contractors in Wetaskiwin have more control over the location and size of horizontal and vertical joints.
Here are some types of ashlar masonry:
In rough tooled ashlar masonry, stones are first chisel dressed so they are smooth on the bed. Their faces of stones are rougned with a chisel or hammer to achieve a rustic look, while ensuring uniformity in size and shape.
Utilizes stones that are precisely cut to a specific shape and size. In fine tooled masonry, the mortar joints can be as thin as 1/8th of an inch. This type of masonry is expensive as it involves cutting stones precisely which requires specialized skill and focus.
This type of masonry utilizes stones that are finely shaped into uniform blocks. The faces of stones are dressed to have a more uniform texture. A small bevel is added around the face of every stone.
Stucco cracks are caused by seismic movement, improper or damaged setting, shoddy workmanship and seasonal changes. Cracking usually occurs around doors, windows and sharp edges. Stucco damage is a serious problem. If left unaddressed, stucco cracks and blisters can cause wall damage, shortening the service life of your exterior finish.
Tools you Need for Stucco Repair
You will need a caulk gun, a putty knife, tin snips, a stiff paint brush, a trowel, a wire bristled brush, a hammer or chisel, acrylic exterior caulk, lath nails or roofing nails and stucco repair mix.
How to Repair Minor Stucco Cracks?
It’s not uncommon for hairline cracks to occur in stucco over time. Fortunately, minor stucco cracks are easy to fix. You can repair a hairline crack by filling it with paint. If that doesn’t work, follow these steps to repair your stucco:
How to Repair Large Stucco Cracks and Holes?
Follow these steps to fix large stucco cracks-¼ inch or wider:
What to do If There Are Blisters in Stucco?
If your paint has blistered or the stucco itself is bubbling, reach out to a stucco company in Calgary for help.Blisters in stucco could indicate a moisture problem. Repairing stucco blisters may mask the symptoms of the problem, but the underlying problem will still exist.
Tips to Keep Stucco From Cracking
Why wait for stucco cracks to appear and then fix them when you can prevent them in the first place? Follow these tips to keep your stucco in top shape all year round:
The soffit covers the underside of a roof overhang. If a roof does not have an overhang, it does not have a soffit either. Due to its location, the soffit is not easily visible. It is usually the same design and colour as the home's siding.
The Importance of Soffit
Soffit prevents moisture from entering your home. Its venting helps maintain a steady airflow between the attic and roof. Proper ventilation prevents mould growth in your attic. In addition to keeping moisture from your attic, your soffit helps reduce heat. It also keeps pests away.
Different Types Soffit
Steel soffits come in a wide variety of colours. They are designed to help reduce cooling costs during summer and prevent moisture buildup in winter. Steel soffits are very durable. However, they cost more than many other types of soffits.
Aluminium soffits are offered in a range of colours and textures. They can be customized to meet the specific needs and preferences of homeowners. Aluminium is very durable. It does not rot, chip or crack and is non-combustible and water resistant. Aluminium soffits do not attract dirt and dust and are hence, easy to maintain.
Vinyl soffits are both low maintenance and easy to clean. They are known for their superior durability. You do not need to paint your vinyl soffit. If you let moisture sit long enough on your vinyl soffit, mould can start growing on the surface.
Vinyl soffits are available in a range of textures and grains. In addition, they are water resistant, making them perfect for high moisture areas. Another advantage of vinyl is that it does not crack or chip easily.
Wood soffits are known for their timeless appeal and ability to add a touch of sophistication to homes. You can polish and recycle your wood soffit once it reaches the end of its useful life. A drawback of wood soffits is that they are prone to decay and, hence, need more upkeep than many other types of soffits. Also, wood becomes softer much faster than many other soffit materials.
Things to Consider When Choosing the Right Soffit for Your Home
Want to give your home a makeover? Consider adding stucco to it. Stucco offers a wide variety of stylish and durable finishes. It brings sophistication and increases home value. Stucco can be applied to masonry, concrete walls or siding for a distinctive look.
If you want a specific colour, your stucco contractors in Olds can premix it. The options are virtually endless. Stucco comes in many textures, including pebbled, swirled, smooth, raked and coarse.
Here are some compelling reasons to install stucco in your house.
Dense materials, including sand, crushed marble and cement, are mixed to produce a heavy-duty material that insulates homes better than vinyl or brick, one of the most robust building materials. Stucco can help reduce the noise entering your house and air seal it when appropriately installed.
It is more energy efficient than traditional insulation and can help reduce your heating and cooling costs by up to 20 per cent. Moreover, you don't have to remove and replace messy wall insulation to make your home more energy efficient.
Stucco is more durable than many traditional building materials. It can withstand strong winds. In addition, stucco is known for its ability to adjust to different weather conditions and temperatures by contracting and expanding as required. With proper care and maintenance, stucco can last 50-80 years.
It is Low-maintenance
Stucco is very easy to maintain. Often occasional cleaning and patching are enough to keep the stucco in tip-top shape. Once in a while, check your stucco for cracking and peeling. The sooner you fix any holes and cracks in it, the better.
It is Customizable
Stucco can be customized to suit the unique needs of homeowners. There are a wide variety of texture options to choose from. Cementitious stucco is coloured using iron oxide pigments that can achieve a wide range of natural colours.
Stucco is exceptionally versatile. It can be used as a decorative coating for walls and ceilings or applied to walls and surfaced materials within or outside a house. In addition, many contractors apply stucco onto construction materials such as clay brick, cinder block or concrete for structural and decorative purposes.
Stucco can save you money in several ways. First, it does not utilize expensive materials and is hence, more affordable than many siding materials. With stucco, you don't have to repaint your home every few years. Stucco is durable. It stands the test of time and can last a lifetime. Finally, stucco can help you reduce heating and cooling costs. It is one of the least expensive forms of siding to maintain.
When installed properly, stucco improves the aesthetic appeal of the property and protects it from the elements. Your stucco takes a lot of punishment every day. Age-related deterioration can cause stucco to fade. Fading stucco can look dull and tired, negatively affecting the curb appeal of your house.
To preserve the original appearance of your stucco, paint it. Stucco painting can prevent problems down the road. Here are some benefits of stucco painting in Red Deer.
Keeps Moisture out
When it rains, stucco absorbs water. If left unaddressed, water damage can lead to mold growth. To keep water out of your stucco, apply a fresh coat of paint to it. This is a great way to keep dampness at bay. Painted stucco protects the house from water intrusion and wind damage.
Use high quality elastomeric-modified paint specially designed to protect masonry surfaces. Elastomeric paint is easy to apply and maintain. When applied correctly, elastomeric paint can enhance stucco durability.
Covers Unsightly Stains
Stucco is exposed to the elements and can become stained. Stains may also be caused by soot, grease, mold and mildew. Removing stubborn stucco stains is backbreaking work. Instead of spending weekends trying to remove stains, apply a fresh coat of primer and paint your stucco to cover unsightly blemishes and stains.
Enhanced UV Resistance
Ultraviolet rays can cause damage to your stucco, affecting its appearance, functionality, durability and lifespan. Stucco damage can lead to structural issues. Painting your stucco enhances its ability to deflect damaging UV rays. A fresh coat of paint can protect your exterior walls from premature deterioration.
Fills Hairline Cracks
If left unaddressed, hairline cracks can widen and lead to major problems. Chunks of stucco can crack and fall off undermining the structural integrity of your stucco. Painting your stucco will fill in hairline cracks. Fill larger cracks in your stucco with masonry patching or exterior caulk before painting it.
How Often Should You Repaint Your Stucco?
To maintain the appearance of your stucco, repaint it every 5-10 years. Paint your stucco more frequently if your home receives a lot of sunlight. Periodically inspect your stucco. If you see hairline cracks or white spots, schedule a professional inspection immediately.
How to Paint Stucco?
Follow these steps to paint your stucco.
Do-All Stucco & Stone is a reputable Wetaskiwin stucco painting company. We help our customers maintain their stucco all year round. To learn more, call 403-588-5306.